Private Pilot Licence

Welcome to the wonderful world of flying! You are about to embark on some of the most exciting and challenging training you will ever experience, all of which is focused towards earning a Private Pilot Licence (PPL).

The training you will receive follows a Transport Canada syllabus to provide you with all the essential knowledge and skills you require to ensure a future of safe and enjoyable flying.
The lesson plans are mandated by Transport Canada. You work with your instructor at your own pace to complete the training requirements. Your training records belong to you and you can change instructors or schools as you work towards your licence.

There are no up-front costs. You pay for the aircraft rentals and the instructor’s time when you use them.

We will provide you with:

  • Transport Canada Requirements for Pilot Permits and Licences
  • Outline of Flight Instruction
  • Summary of typical costs to obtain a Private Pilot Licence
  • Copy of Company Standard Safety Precautions
  • Copy Transport Canada PSTAR Exam Study and Reference Guide
  • Copy of Transport Canada PPL Study and Reference Guide
  • Copy of Transport Canada PPL Flight Test Standard
  • Other Study and Reference Materials as required

If you have any questions regarding any training offered by Sealand Flight, feel free to ask any of our staff or instructors. We are pleased to help you.

Permit and Licence Requirements

Student Pilot Permit

The Student Pilot Permit is the document that allows persons undertaking flight instruction to conduct flight training under solo conditions (ie: without a flight instructor in the aircraft). A licenced flight instructor must authorize all flights conducted under a Student Pilot Permit.

Transport Canada requirements for the issuance of a Student Pilot Permit are:

Age Must be at least 14 years of age
Medical Valid Category 1, 3, or 4 Medical Certificate
Knowledge Pass PSTAR Examination (90%)
Skill At Flight Instructor’s Discretion
Experience At Flight Instructor’s Discretion

Private Pilot Licence (PPL)

The Private Pilot Licence is the minimum licence level in Canada. The holder of a PPL can exercise the privileges of a pilot in any aircraft for which his licence is endorsed and may carry passengers. The PPL is recognized internationally and trans-border flights are authorized. With additional training the holder of a PPL can also obtain additional licence endorsements and ratings including night rating, VFR over the top rating, instrument rating, and multi-engine rating.

Transport Canada requirements for the issuance of a Private Pilot Licence are as follows:

Age: Must be at least 17 years of age

Medical: Valid Category 1 or 3 Medical Certificate


  1. Complete 40 Hour Private Pilot Ground Training
  2. Pass Written Exam (PPAER)

Skill: Pass Transport Canada Flight Test (PPFT)


  1. Minimum Total Flight Time = 45 Hours
  2. Minimum Dual Flight Time = 17 Hours
    • Dual Cross Country = 3 Hours
    • Dual Instrument Flt = 5 Hours
  3. Minimum Solo Flight Time = 12 Hours
    • Solo Cross Country = 5 Hours
    • Triangular Solo Cross Country of not less than 150 NM with at least two en-route stops

Private Pilot Licence – Ground Training Instruction

Transport Canada requires that all applicants for a Private Pilot Licence complete a Private Pilot Ground Training of not less than 40 hours of instruction.

The Private Pilot Ground Training offered by Sealand Flight is taught by experienced, Transport Canada licenced instructors and provides at least 40 hours of multimedia classroom instruction covering all required subject areas. Key subject areas that will be covered during the Ground Training include the following:

  • Air Regulations
  • Aerodynamics
  • Theory of Flight
  • Meteorology
  • Airframes, Engines and Systems
  • Flight Instruments
  • Radio and Electronic Theory
  • Navigation
  • Flight Operations
  • Aero-Medicine and Human Factors
  • Pilot Decision Making

Phone for more information.

Private Pilot Licence – Flight Instruction

A Licenced Flight Instructor will provide all of your flight instruction. This instruction follows a Transport Canada approved syllabus broken into 6 Phases and 36 Lesson Plans. The structure of these lesson plans is designed on a “building block” approach and will provide you with basic flight instruction, moving on to more advanced elements as your skills and abilities develop.

There will be three key milestones in your flight instruction:

First Solo Flight: Under the guidance of your Flight Instructor, you will learn the basic skills of controlling the aircraft in a safe manner. All such training will be conducted near the training airport. Starting with basic aircraft handling, you will progress on to more advanced maneuvers, developing the skills and knowledge required to safely complete a local flight without the assistance of your Flight Instructor.

Cross-Country Flights: After completing your first solo, you will learn other skills required to complete a cross-country flight. Your first cross-country flight will be a dual flight under the supervision of a Flight Instructor. This will be your first opportunity to exercise your navigation skills and to fly into unfamiliar aerodromes. You will then be required to complete two solo cross-country trips. At this point you will have acquired all the knowledge required for licensing.

Flight Test and Licensing: After completion of your cross-country flights, your Flight Instructor will program a series of instructional flights to ‘fine tune’ your flying skills in preparation for the Flight Test.